Journal articles

Benjaminsen, Tor A., Halvard Buhaug, Fiona McConnell, Joanne Sharp, and Philip E. Steinberg. 2017. Political Geography and the environment [Editorial]. Political Geography 56: A1–A2.

von Uexkull, Nina, Mihai Croicu, Hanne Fjelde, and Halvard Buhaug. 2016. Civil conflict sensitivity to growing-season drought. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(44): 12391–12396.  [Open access]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2016. Climate change and conflict: Taking stock. Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy 22(4): 331–338.  [Open access]

Hegre, Håvard, Halvard Buhaug, Katherine V. Calvin, Jonas Nordkvelle, Stephanie T. Waldhoff, and Elisabeth Gilmore. 2016. Forecasting civil conflict along the shared socioeconomic pathways. Environmental Research Letters 11(5): 054002.  [Open access] [appendix; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Lars-Erik Cederman, and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch. 2016. Ulikhet, eksklusjon og borgerkrig [Inequality, Exclusion, and Civil War]. Politica 48(1): 12–29.  [Open access] [repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Fiona McConnell, Joanne Sharp, James D. Sidaway, and Philip E. Steinberg. 2016. Changes at Political Geography [Editorial]. Political Geography 50: A1–A2.

Buhaug, Halvard, Tor A. Benjaminsen, Espen Sjaastad, and Ole M. Theisen. 2015. Climate variability, food production shocks, and violent conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. Environmental Research Letters 10(12): 125015.  [Open Access] [appendix; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2015. Climate-conflict research: Some reflections on the way forward. WIREs Climate Change 6(3): 269–275. [Open access]

Linke, Andrew M., Sebastian Schutte, and Halvard Buhaug. 2015. Population attitudes and the spread of political violence in Africa. International Studies Review 17(1): 26–45.

Tollefsen, Andreas F. and Halvard Buhaug. 2015. Insurgency and inaccessibility. International Studies Review 17(1): 6–25. [Open access] [repdata]

Böhmelt, Tobias, Thomas Bernauer, Halvard Buhaug, Nils Petter Gleditsch, Theresa Tribaldos, and Gerdis Wischnath. 2014. Demand, supply, and restraint: Determinants of domestic water conflict and cooperation. Global Environmental Change 29: 337–348. [Open access]

Buhaug, Halvard, Jonas Nordkvelle, Thomas Bernauer, Tobias Böhmelt, Michael Brzoska, Joshua W. Busby, Antonio Ciccone, Hanne Fjelde, Erik Gartzke, Nils Petter Gleditsch, Jack A. Goldstone, Håvard Hegre, Helge Holtermann, Vally Koubi, Jasmin S. A. Link, P. Michael  Link, Päivi Lujala, John O’Loughlin, Clionadh Raleigh, Jürgen Scheffran, Janpeter Schilling, Todd G. Smith, Ole Magnus Theisen, Richard S. J. Tol, Henrik Urdal, and Nina von Uexkull. 2014. One effect to rule them All? A Ccmment on climate and conflict. Climatic Change 127(3–4): 391–397. [Open access] [appendix; repdata; see also companion paper]

Wischnath, Gerdis and Halvard Buhaug. 2014. Rice or riots: On food production and conflict severity across India. Political Geography 43: 6–15. [Open access] [appendix; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Lars-Erik Cederman, and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch. 2014. Square pegs in round holes: Inequalities, grievances, and civil war. International Studies Quarterly 58(2): 418–431. [Open access] [repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Jack S. Levy, and Henrik Urdal. 2014. 50 years of peace research: An introduction to the Journal of Peace Research anniversary special issue. Journal of Peace Research 51(2): 139–144. [pdf]

Wischnath, Gerdis and Halvard Buhaug. 2014. On climate variability and civil war in Asia. Climatic Change 122(4): 709–721. [Open access] [appendix; repdata available on request – 111MB]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2014. Concealing agreements over climate-conflict results. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(6): E636. [Open access]

Theisen, Ole Magnus, Nils Petter Gleditsch, and Halvard Buhaug. 2013. Is climate change a driver of armed conflict? Climatic Change 117(3): 613–625. [pdf]

Buhaug, Halvard and Henrik Urdal. 2013. An urbanization bomb? Population growth and social disorder in cities. Global Environmental Change 23(1): 1–10. [pdf; appendix; repdata]

Bernauer, Thomas, Tobias Böhmelt, Halvard Buhaug, Nils Petter Gleditsch, Theresa Tribaldos, Eivind B. Weibust, and Gerdis Wischnath. 2012. Water-related intrastate conflict and cooperation (WARICC): A new event dataset. International Interactions 38(4): 529–545. [pdf; repdata]

Tollefsen, Andreas F., Håvard Strand, and Halvard Buhaug. 2012. PRIO-GRID: A unified spatial data structure. Journal of Peace Research 49(2): 363–374. [Open access] [repdata available on request – 62MB]

Benjaminsen, Tor A., Koffi Alinon, Halvard Buhaug, and Jill Tove Buseth. 2012. Does climate change drive land-use conflicts in the Sahel? Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 97–111. [pdf]

Theisen, Ole Magnus, Helge Holtermann, and Halvard Buhaug. 2011/12. Climate wars? Assessing the claim that drought breeds conflict. International Security 36(3): 79–106. [pdf; appendix; repdata available on request – 97MB]

Dyrstad, Karin, Halvard Buhaug, Kristen Ringdal, Albert Simkus, and Ola Listhaug. 2011. Microfoundations of civil conflict reconciliation: Ethnicity and context. International Interactions 37(4): 363–387. [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, Helge Holtermann, Gudrun Østby, and Andreas F. Tollefsen. 2011. It’s the local economy, stupid! Geographic wealth dispersion and conflict outbreak location. Journal of Conflict Resolution 55(5): 814–840. [pdf; repdata]

Rustad, Siri Aas, Halvard Buhaug, Åshild Falch, and Scott Gates. 2011. All Conflict is local: Modeling subnational variation in civil conflict risk. Conflict Management and Peace Science 28(1): 15–40. [pdf; repdata]

Urdal, Henrik, Ole Magnus Theisen, Nils Petter Gleditsch, and Halvard Buhaug, 2010. Klimakriger? En vurdering av det faglige grunnlaget. Norsk statsvitenskapelig tidsskrift 26(4): 297–320. [pdf]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2010. Reply to Burke et al.: Bias and climate war research. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(51): E186–E187. [Open access] [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2010. Climate not to blame for African civil wars. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(38): 16477–16482. [Open access] [pdf; background paper; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2010. Dude, where’s my conflict? LSG, relative strength, and the location of civil war. Conflict Management and Peace Science 27(2): 107–128. [pdf; repdata]

Cederman, Lars-Erik., Halvard Buhaug, and Jan Ketil Rød. 2009. Ethno-nationalist dyads and civil war: A GIS-based analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 496–525. [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Scott Gates, and Päivi Lujala. 2009. Geography, rebel capacity, and the duration of civil conflict. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 544–569. [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard, Scott Gates, Håvard Hegre, Håvard Strand, and Henrik Urdal, 2009. Nils Petter Gleditsch: A lifetime achiever. European Political Science 8(1): 79–89. [pdf]

Buhaug, Halvard, Lars-Erik Cederman, and Jan Ketil Rød. 2008. Disaggregating ethno-nationalist civil wars: A dyadic test of exclusion theory. International Organization 62(3): 531–551. [pdf] [repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch. 2008. Contagion or confusion? Why conflicts cluster in space. International Studies Quarterly 52(2): 215–233. [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2007. The future is more than scale: A reply to Diehl and O’Lear. Geopolitics 12(1): 192–199. [pdf]

Buhaug, Halvard 2006. Relative capability and rebel objective in civil war. Journal of Peace Research 43(6): 691–708. [pdf] [repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard and Jan Ketil Rød. 2006. Local determinants of African civil wars, 1970–2001. Political Geography 25(3): 315–335. [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard and Päivi Lujala. 2005. Accounting for scale: Measuring geography in quantitative studies of civil war. Political Geography 24(4): 399–418. [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard. 2005. Dangerous dyads revisited: Democracies may not be that peaceful after Aal. Conflict Management and Peace Science 22(2): 95–111. Reprinted in G. Palmer, ed., 2008. Causes and Consequences of International Conflict. London: Routledge (122–144). [pdf; repdata]

Buhaug, Halvard and Scott Gates. 2002. The geography of civil war. Journal of Peace Research 39(4): 417–433. Reprinted in P.F. Diehl, ed., 2005. War, vol. 3. London: Sage (209–229). [pdf; repdata]